Understanding Electoral Systems and Party Politics In France.
France uses a semi-presidential system of government. In France, power is Federally overseen by the president and the prime minister. As far as the electoral system, proportional voting is used. France uses a proportional representation system, in which divisions in an electorate are reflected, proportionally. Within this system, citizens merit representation, and all political associations in society deserve to be represented in the legislatures in balance to their strength in the electorate. To accomplish this just representation, a party voting system is conducted through single transferable vote or choice voting ballots.
The political party that grabs my interest in France’s politics is the Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste) of France. The socialist party is the largest party of the French central left. It’s one of the two influential political organizations in France. The PS came to power in 1981, under Francois Mitterrand (then, President of France). The (Parti Socialiste, PS) Socialist Party also governed France under past President Francois Hollande before En Marche led by the young leader Emmanuel Macron. The Socialist party was born out of the conceptions of the Enlightenment of the French Revolution and the struggles of the workers’ movement.
Within this party, the ideal role of government and individual relations are entwined with democratic socialism. P.S. understand that real equity would only be achieved through social emancipation, which goes hand in hand with individual freedom, collective solidarity, the confidence in human genius, and progress against the ideology of decline. This, of itself, is the fundamental relations between the individual and government. It’s what would help level the fields for all French citizens. This unique approach to the relations between the individual and government would help foster a society that does not only work for the few, but, all.
The general principles of this party are simple and clear. The French Socialist Party’s motive is not to form an all-powerful authoritative bureaucracy and doesn’t want big corporate governments to regulate France’s society. Rather, they maintain that social and economic determinations should be made by citizens whom they affect most. The party has been working hard, over past elections to put in place a policy that levels the fields for all of French’s citizens. They pledged an increase in income for all. Which is the first premise of equality because they hold these truths that “no society is free without proper income, enabling an individual to be able to determine his or her destiny.”
The Socialist party wants equality in welfare and taxation. The party key purposes are aligned in the proposition of income equality, to help alleviate poverty and increase income for all. The party has managed to appeal to left-wing voters (mostly struggling folks, urban working class, and rural voters). They also appeal to millennials. Voters as younger than thirty, in poor neighborhoods that don’t have suitable jobs, and where it would be almost as likely impossible to rise from their circumstances.
The existing institutions in France don’t much impact the Socialist Party’s ideologies. After a thorough research, I came to understand that French socialism has suffered from ideological ambivalence. It has never had any adequate public assistance to achieve its goals by democratic actions. The front of a communist opposition, a party, supported in its stratagem by the full flesh support of Russia, has also made it hard for the socialist party to aligned themselves with the existing institutions to foster their appeal to voters.
The proportional electoral system in France helps broaden the Socialist Party Ideology. The Socialist party had managed to bore the imprint of the functional requirement of France’s party system. The internal proportional representation had created factionalism as a function of the process of Rassemblement in the electoral system, enabling the Socialist party to broaden its prospects at the electorate.
The used of factionalism has made the PS as an electoral machine. This strategy has also enabled the PS to reconcile legislature positions.The pros of the proportional electoral system are that successful parties would win seats in the country’s legislature. It would make it easy for the popular socialist party of France. Looking at their track records, they have been successful throughout the years; except with the recent hassle of President Hollande.
Another pro is that the PR fashions coalition governments, which implies that more voters can be represented under a single government; this system has helped the PS gained power in so many ways.The outcome of this system, as the Socialists party had expected, was to lessen Socialist losses and minimize the parliamentary strength of the right. It had paved the way for the PS to implement their policy slightly and had diversified the direction of democracy in France.
The cons of the PR for the socialist party is that it could probably give way and makes it easier for the communist party which is supported by Russia to gain seats in the legislature. Another con would be that the coalition governments that PR produces can result in the Socialist Party trying to carry out their agendas, while the different parties would be trying to get their way making the process of getting things sometimes done difficult.